According to The Associated Press, at least 331 deaths have been reported in eastern Ukraine since last month's cease-fire deal between Russian-backed separatists and Ukrainian troops, the United Nations said Wednesday (October 8).
At least 3,660 people have been killed over six months of fighting, according to the UN.
Donetsk city hall reported Wednesday (October 8) that three civilians died overnight from shelling.
COMMENT: UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra'ad al-Hussein said in a statement that the security crisis needed to be tackled so residents of east Ukraine could reclaim their rights to education, adequate health care, housing and employment.
The UN estimates some 5 million people are being deprived of their basic rights in east Ukraine.
"While the cease-fire is a very welcome step toward ending the fighting in eastern Ukraine, I call on all parties to genuinely respect and uphold it, and to halt the attacks on civilians and civilian infrastructure," Zeid said.
Rebels and government officials regularly blame each other for the civilian deaths.
Separatist fighters have been observed firing artillery from residential areas, eliciting hasty responses from Ukrainian troops that often miss their mark and hit houses.
The UN report cites the Ukrainian government as saying more than 4,500 residential buildings have been damaged or destroyed in the fighting. At least 22 settlements remain without running water, while 93 settlements have no electricity, the report said.
Lack of proper housing is becoming particularly acute with the approach of winter, when temperatures can drop below freezing for weeks on end. According to government information from mid-September, some 25,500 displaced people were living in shelters unsuited for winter habitation, the UN said.