Particularly in rural areas in high-threat developing countries, convoys are highly beneficial in safely transporting people from one place to another.
Understandably, convoys very often attract rebels, criminals and organized gangs, so a convoy’s organization and use are important.
Ideally, the following should be considered in organizing a convoy that travels in high-threat environments:
1. Determine whether vehicles should be modified with ballistic-resistant transparent/opaque materials to prevent injury;
2. Determine whether any members of the convoy should be armed and determine the rules of engagement;
3. Assume that an armed attack on the convoy is possible and prepare for emergencies;
4. Carefully plan the road trips so that alternative routes can be utilized;
5. Determine whether government or commercial armed security escorts can be used to accompany the convoy or whether they can travel as an advance party;
6. Ensure that vehicles in the convoy can communicate, preferably through VHF/UHF encrypted two-way radios;
7. Identify a convoy leader in the event that problems arise or that the convoy has to stop. The convoy leader and the unit leaders will decide on stops;
8. Identify a unit leader for each vehicle to communicate with the convoy leader;
9. Inform trusted persons not in the convoy of the route of travel; and
10. Ensure that a command post is informed when the convoy reaches its destination so as to ensure that all components of command are notified.